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Costs of Adopting a Waiting Child

Adoption fees vary from state to state and depend on the type of adoption.


For a Minnesota Waiting Child Adoption, agencies do not charge for home studies, nor do they charge placement fees. Subsidies may also be available to help offset the costs of adoption, as well as for ongoing maintenance and/or medical needs for your child. These subsidies are based on the child’s needs, not your financial situation. Depending on the child placed with you, you may also qualify for up to $2,000 reimbursement of non-recurring costs.


The North American Council on Adoptable Children’s Adoption Subsidy Resource Center provides general information on the subsidy program for each state or province.


Adoption Tax Credit:  You may be able to take a tax credit for qualifying expenses paid to adopt an eligible child, including a child with special needs. The adoption credit is an amount subtracted from your tax liability. Learn more through the IRS website.


Employer Benefits:  A number of companies and government agencies (local, county and state levels) offer adoption benefits as part of their benefits package. The benefits may be full or partial reimbursement of qualified adoption expenses and/or paid or unpaid time off during and after the adoption. You may wish to contact your Human Resources department to inquire about the availability of adoption benefits.


The Dave Thomas Foundation for Adoption provides an Adoption-Friendly Workplace guide with valuable information that adoptive parents can share with their employers. For more information, visit the Adoption-Friendly Workplace webpage or call 1-800-275-3832.


The military provides active-duty personnel a reimbursement for most one-time adoption costs up to $2,000 per child. The maximum amount available in a given year is $5,000, even if both parents are in the military. Reimbursement is made after the adoption is finalized. The National Military Family Association provides further information and resources.